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Outliers

The Story of Success
Lu par : Malcolm Gladwell
Durée : 7 h et 18 min
4,8 out of 5 stars (76 notations)

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Description

In this stunning new book, Malcolm Gladwell takes us on an intellectual journey through the world of "outliers" - the best and the brightest, the most famous and the most successful. He asks the question: what makes high achievers different? His answer is that we pay too much attention to what successful people are like and too little attention to where they are from: that is, their culture, their family, their generation, and the idiosyncratic experiences of their upbringing. Along the way he explains the secrets of software billionaires, what it takes to be a great soccer player, why Asians are good at math, and what made the Beatles the greatest rock band.

Brilliant and entertaining, Outliers is a landmark work that will simultaneously delight and illuminate.

©2008 Malcom Gladwell (P)2008 Hachette Audio

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Notations
Global
  • 5 out of 5 stars
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Interprétation
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  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars

Those who appear to be extraordinary are ordinary people

In this book, Malcolm does a study of many of the highly successful people we know to prove that it is not mostly what they were born with, that is having a higher IQ or having a special talent who got them where they got. They had to put a huge amount of work, they took advantage of their environment, the period where they were born, gifts from their past generations and more. The example of Bill Gates show it clearly that he was advantaged not only because he was born in a blessed period to get mature during the IT boom, but also, having access to an outfitted computer in 1968 when he was 13, during that same period, computers were so expensive that even professors in computer science barely had access to them, and programming was so complex, by the time he showed up at the Silicon Valley, he had more than 10 000 hours of programming in his fingers. Nearly all of us, if given same opportunities with the outliers, we will surely write the same stories, if not better. The Asians do not have higher IQ than the rest of us, the just have more school time and work harder than the others, this is why the will outperform the rest of the world in maths and other scientific complex subjects. The example of the KIPP schools brought to the USA is a demonstration that working harder and for longer period can yield impressive results.

1 personne a trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars

fantastic as always

I never want Gladwell's books to end, Outliers was no exception. so fascinating and enjoyable.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
  • Dvu
  • 03/06/2020

Fascinating book about success

This book gives a very interesting point of views about success by analyzing the stories behind successful people, schools, companies and even societies. It shows that success derives from a combination of many factors including the time, family, race, tradition, etc. Having a high IQ is just not enough to guarantee a successful career. You also have to be born in a right time at a right place in a right family, to be given a chance at a right moment... but maybe the most important message is that all outliers put a lot of time and effort into what they do. There is no exception, no shortcut for success.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars
  • DG
  • 18/09/2019

A different view on success.

Read by the author this book unwinds the perceived notion of success into what circumstances allowed them to be successful. It is one one my favorite books

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    5 out of 5 stars
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    4 out of 5 stars

clear and easy to listen

clear and easy to listen to while you are walking. enjoy his narration of success. insightful but not pretentious usual American bestseller. I think gladwell has improved a lot from Blink

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  • Global
    3 out of 5 stars
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  • Leah C. Day
  • 14/09/2009

Interesting

This was a pretty interesting book. I don't agree with all of the reasoning, but it's an interesting theory.

The one downside to this book is that if you're looking for motivation, it might work the opposite effect.

This book is about how luck and certain circumstances make you more likely to be successful such as your birthdate, ethnicity, and religion.

If you easily see your circumstances as beyond your control, you may read this book and feel disheartened that you're not lucky or have the right circumstances to be successful.

I believe luck is part of it, but drive and ambition are also important too. You DO have the power to alter your circumstances, even if you've not been given special advantages.

80 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    3 out of 5 stars
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  • Scott T. Hards
  • 13/12/2008

Engaging, but overrated

Outliers has many interesting statistical anecdotes sprinkled throughout, to be sure. My interest was held. But at its core, the book's central theme is simply "successful people are aided in their success by their families, culture, education and other chance factors. They could not have done it alone." This is not exactly a particularly profound revelation. Gladwell repeatedly asserts that most people think Bill Gates-type successes are simply due to that person's raw talent and little else. But is that really the case? Does anybody really think Bill Gates could have achieved what he did had he been born in Botswana, for example? What's more, while crediting these outside factors with making these "outliers" possible, he fails to note that in almost every case, hundreds if not thousands or even more other people had virtually identical birth situations, yet failed to achieve greatness. Gladwell's goal seems to be an attempt to take the shine off of society's great success stories by, in effect, claiming they just got lucky. But I think the formula for producing an outlier is more complex than that. Too often in this book, Gladwell seems to be profoundly stating the obvious.
Gladwell's narration of his own work is generally skillful and an easy listen.


316 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • KevinH
  • 21/11/2008

Captivating (if not an outlier)

Regardless of what you ultimately think of the author's analysis, Gladwell is a masterful storyteller, weaving together interesting anecdotes from such diverse sources as plane crash research to hillbilly feuds to standardized math tests. That Gladwell narrates the audio book himself adds greatly to the listening experience. Critics will complain that his thesis is obvious (that opportunity, cultural inheritence and hard work play key roles in success), or that his examples are selective and ignore in turn outliers that don't illustrate his points -- or, somewhat inconsistently, both. But Gladwell's books are successful because he examines phenomena and topics of importance in an accessible and entertaining way. No one should mistake Malcolm Gladwell for a big thinker like, say, Stephen J. Gould, but Gladwell would be the first one to tell you that he's no outlier. Don't accept everything the author says as truth revealed, but do listen to this book -- it's one of the best non-fiction offerings available through Audible.

158 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    3 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    4 out of 5 stars
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  • Sher from Provo
  • 12/04/2012

Very Interesting!

Gladwell sets out to explain how the top people in any field were able to get there. The explanations can be very surprising. I was very engaged throughout the whole book. He talked a lot about education, and having been a public school teacher for the last 27 years, I found it absorbing, hopeful, and found myself wishing that I had known some of these things 27 years ago.

Gladwell narrates his own book, which sometimes turns out well, and sometimes not so much. Although obviously not a professional, he has a pleasing way of reading. I wouldn't be choosing a book on account of him reading it however. Still, it was very "listenable" and I enjoyed it very much.

19 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    2 out of 5 stars
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  • Chris
  • 23/08/2010

This book should be called 'selective evidence'

Whilst a lot of the ideas in this book are not Gladwell's alone, he takes responsibility for presenting them as if they were fact. Some parts are fascinating - such as the investigation of pilot errors which lead to crashes - but much of it falls woefully short of sound argument. The main points in the book are either obvious or highly questionable: intelligence alone is no trigger for success; luck is big factor in all great achievements; 10,000 hours of practice is required to achieve excellence at anything.

The examples he provides completely ignore the possibility that timing is not just luck, but actually a inherent quality of the thought process that goes into the idea of the business in the first place. Did Bill Gates really become so successful purely because he was: a) in the right place at the right time, and b) put in 10,000 hours of programming in an age when computers were hard to come by? By drawing these conclusions he overlooks the unprovable possibility that Gates may have become successful in another area had he not been born at the right time to start Microsoft.

Were the Beatles successful because of their 10,000 hours of practice in German nightclubs and the like before their 'breakthrough' US number one? Even if you ignore Gladwell's convenient use of their US breakthrough to mark his 10,000 hour cut-off (coming 18 months after their UK success), were they really successful because of the amount of practice they put in? Was it merely musical competence that raised them above their peers? What about inspiration, creative ideas, charisma, chemistry or pure unteachable songwriting genius? And what about the likes of Nick Drake, or Kurt Cobain, or Buddy Holly? They could not have possibly put in the 10,000 hours 'required' practice as prescribed by Gladwell. There must be hundreds or thousands more in the world of music, film, literature, or even business who do not conform to the 10,000 hour rule. Yet they are conveniently overlooked.

70 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    3 out of 5 stars
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  • Robert W
  • 09/05/2009

Intriguing but the research is questionable

This book is quite intriguing, but often as I listened I began to wonder about his research methodology. His facts, while compelling seem to be only part of the picture and I began to wonder as to how much picking and choosing of facts was going on to support his points. His determination to support his rather deterministic view is clear throughout the piece.

38 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    1 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    3 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    2 out of 5 stars
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  • Gaggleframpf
  • 30/09/2019

Not Really About Outliers.

This books title leads you to believe that it's going to talk about statistical outliers, but it only nominally does that. Gladwell ignores actual outliers in the teeth of the statistical cases he presents. One of the earliest examples he uses of "Outliers" are individuals in Canadian hockey teams. Because individuals are filtered into teams by their birthdates, the players with earlier birthdays, in January or February for example, have a year of growth ahead of those in the same league with birthdays in December or November, and therefore they are advantaged over those players every single year through school and on up into professional hockey. These players get more advantages because they continue to outperform the others, which causes them to get more advantages, which causes them to continue to outperform the others, ad infinitum. The result? There are a supermajority of professional Canadian hockey players with early birthdays, and a minority with late ones. So far, so good. He then goes on to say that those with the early birthdays are the outliers that go on to achieve Hockey success later in life. But these only seem like outliers if you consider them against the majority of humans that aren't professional hockey players and never would be. In reality, statistically, the minority of players with birthdays in October through December that nevertheless reach professional status in Hockey and succeed ARE the real Outliers in his sample! They represent a minority but must be truly outstanding individuals, or at least more outstanding than those who succeeded merely because of their fortunate position and nominally superior maturity. These people would be interesting to learn about. He ignores them in his analysis. It's not even clear whether he knows the problem of their existence presents a problem for his thesis. I wanted to read a book about statistical outliers -- truly outstanding people and what makes them up. Instead, Gladwell conveniently ignores many truly remarkable individuals in his quest to explain away accomplishments that have been reached through privileged position or status.

4 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    1 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    1 out of 5 stars
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  • Dave
  • 08/10/2018

Should be named - Excuses

I'm 1 starring this book due to the authors opinion. In his closing statements of the Epilogue, he even states that outliers are not outliers. The author's opinion is the left-leaning idea of privilege, that some of us are dealt better cards than others and that's that. For example, he starts off the book by talking about the birthdays of professional hockey players in Canada and how league cut offs when growing up determine that. The "outliers" are pro hockey players and the majority of pro hockey players are born between January and April. The focus is on those "lucky" individuals born between January and April. He makes it sound like you should be defeated if you were born December 31st, because you will never be a pro hockey player by way of a rigged system against you. But, what about that pro hockey player who WAS born on December 31st? What about the outliers of outliers, who succeeded in despite of "adversity." The author is silent. When you look for privilege, we all have something. The author uses this as a cop-out for defining a "lucky" class and an "unfortunate" class. His solution is an idealistic dystopian future. I wish this book had been a book about true outliers, those rare people who overcame adversity and excelled with the odds against them. Instead, it was a liberal rant complaining like a small child that someone else got it a little bit better.

4 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Luiz C Payne
  • 07/03/2009

Great audio book

The content was entertaining and fascinating. A lot of "oh wow" moments. What was really good was Malcolm's read. He is an excellent reader--right on point with his inflection and cadence. I thought it had to be a professional reader.

24 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    3 out of 5 stars
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  • Andrew
  • 28/11/2011

Not as revelatory as you'd think

It takes lots of actual practice to master something. It also takes opportunities that are not in our control. So basically, Gladwell is trying to prove Calvinism (hard work + predestination). Pinpointing the web of circumstances that leads to success is something that we obsess over as a culture and Gladwell provides a very interesting analysis of how this works. But I do not feel like I heard any revelations here that I did not learn from my father when he encouraged me to get internships as an undergraduate.

8 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

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  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Amazon Kunde
  • 06/02/2009

hochinteressant - und spannend geschrieben/vorgele

Gladwell beschreibt, wie besondere Menschen Besonderes leisten könnten. Es ist eben nicht nur Talent, sondern 10.000 Stunden Übung, die richtige Idee zum richtigen Zeitpunkt - geboren aus dem richtigen Background.Und selbst wenn man ihm nicht zustimmen möchte - dieses Hörbuch macht in seiner Lebendigkeit einfach Spaß!

5 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    4 out of 5 stars
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  • Marc Dierckx
  • 06/12/2015

Talent demystified

Entertaining book that provides an insight in the limits of talent and an advice to every parent and/or caretaketr not to look for the talent in each child, but to create the surroundings to foster the motivation of the kids and bring out the best in them. Also an insight in the fact that some are born more lucky than others, because the time was right and the prevailing environment made it possible for the result of their effort to shine brigther.

1 personne a trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Benjamin
  • 18/01/2012

Sehr gut!

Sehr realistisch dargestellt mit vielen praktischen Beispielen und deshalb so gut. 10.000 Übungsstunden und zur richtigen Zeit am richtigen Ort. Bill Gates hatte z. B. ein ganz besonderen Umfeld. Es lässt sich vieles logisch erklären und nicht alles auf Begabung beschränken.

Es lässt einen nachdenken, welche Voraussetzungen im eigenen Umfeld dazu führen könnten die Spitze zu erreichen bzw. was war es, das gefehlt hat?

1 personne a trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • nana k
  • 05/09/2020

Well presented arguments

Interesting arguments to the story of success. The story of success is much more complex than we are often told.

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    3 out of 5 stars
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  • Sarah
  • 09/08/2020

All good points that lack depth

Gladwell correctly points out how people's success is formed by many variables, including many that we don't have any influence on. However, 2 things aren't cool: 1. He discredits anyone from his/her achievements. Any personal character trade, action or event in one's life may be ascribed to something one didn't have any influence on (upbringing, culture, what not). And actually it doesn't matter if that trade/action/event lead to success or failure. Gladwell discredits but at the same time takes away responsibility from people. 2. He makes some connections that he doesn't provide any proof of.

  • Global
    3 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    3 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    3 out of 5 stars
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  • Julia M.
  • 17/06/2020

good but full of biases

the book shares important insights on mindset and statistics, but the author’s views are clearly full of biases.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Sanjay M
  • 07/05/2020

This is awesome!

One of the best book I ever came across. It gives a different light upon the general understanding (common misunderstanding?!) of who an outlier is. The ideas, as crazy as it sounds the scientific evidences author sheds throughout the story says the truthfulness of the matter in question. Although it's a book written for the goal of learning who's an outlier and does it even matter, this is a great case study on successful people of history. The book is well arranged and the author's narration is as good as it can be.

  • Global
    3 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    3 out of 5 stars
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  • Utilisateur anonyme
  • 28/04/2020

Maybe overrated

The narrator was very good. The story of the book was superficial with simplified explanations. I expected more scientific evidence and explanation.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Dan Häberlein
  • 13/04/2020

A book which we all should ready or listen to...

... as it teaches us, where real success is coming from. Partly fortune, partly effort, partly deserved, partly cultural and partly inherited: Malcom Gladwell shows in an entertaining fassion, that there are several misconceptions regarding the outliers success stories. He does this by telling interessting stories of many different domains and people, e.g. Bill Gates, The Beatles, and many more. To me, a motivational firework.

  • Global
    3 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    3 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    4 out of 5 stars
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  • Delia.A.
  • 17/01/2020

Enticing but could be shorter

Nothing really new but it opens up your mind on what it means to be privileged and what little and big advantages matter to succeed. The stories were a bit too long and felt like they were explaining the same thing