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  • The Bitcoin Standard

  • The Decentralized Alternative to Central Banking
  • De : Saifedean Ammous
  • Lu par : James Fouhey
  • Durée : 11 h et 16 min
  • Version intégrale Livre audio
  • Catégories : Argent et finance
  • 4,5 out of 5 stars (18 notations)

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    Description

    When a pseudonymous programmer introduced “a new electronic cash system that’s fully peer-to-peer, with no trusted third party” to a small Online mailing list in 2008, very few paid attention. Ten years later, and against all odds, this upstart autonomous decentralized software offers an unstoppable and globally-accessible hard money alternative to modern central banks. The Bitcoin Standard analyzes the historical context to the rise of bitcoin, the economic properties that have allowed it to grow quickly, and its likely economic, political, and social implications. 

    While bitcoin is a new invention of the digital age, the problem it purports to solve is as old as human society itself: transferring value across time and space. Ammous takes the listener on an engaging journey through the history of technologies performing the functions of money, from primitive systems of trading limestones and seashells, to metals, coins, the gold standard, and modern government debt. Exploring what gave these technologies their monetary role, and how most lost it, provides the listener with a good idea of what makes for sound money, and sets the stage for an economic discussion of its consequences for individual and societal future-orientation, capital accumulation, trade, peace, culture, and art. Compellingly, Ammous shows that it is no coincidence that the loftiest achievements of humanity have come in societies enjoying the benefits of sound monetary regimes, nor is it coincidental that monetary collapse has usually accompanied the collapse of a civilization. 

    With this background in place, the book moves on to explain the operation of bitcoin in a functional and intuitive way. Bitcoin is a decentralized, distributed piece of software that converts electricity and processing power into indisputably accurate records, thus allowing its users to utilize the Internet to perform the traditional functions of money without having to rely on, or trust, any authorities or infrastructure in the physical world. Bitcoin is thus best understood as the first successfully implemented form of digital cash and digital hard money. With an automated and perfectly predictable monetary policy, and the ability to perform final settlement of large sums across the world in a matter of minutes, Bitcoin’s real competitive edge might just be as a store of value and network for final settlement of large payments - a digital form of gold with a built-in settlement infrastructure. 

    Ammous’ firm grasp of the technological possibilities as well as the historical realities of monetary evolution provides for a fascinating exploration of the ramifications of voluntary free market money.

    PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your Library section along with the audio.

    ©2018 Saifedean Ammous (P)2018 Audible, Inc.

    Ce que les auditeurs disent de The Bitcoin Standard

    Notations
    Global
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    Commentaires - Veuillez sélectionner les onglets ci-dessous pour changer la provenance des commentaires.

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    • Global
      5 out of 5 stars
    • Interprétation
      5 out of 5 stars
    • Histoire
      5 out of 5 stars

    Incroyable et très détaillée histoire d’argent

    En tant que débutant complet, j’ai avalé le livre sans aucun moment d’incompréhension. Facile, fascinant récit. Donne envie d’approfondir les thèmes abordés. Je recommande a tout profil

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    • Global
      2 out of 5 stars
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      2 out of 5 stars
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      3 out of 5 stars
    Image de profile pour Brian Considine
    • Brian Considine
    • 19/07/2019

    Less Bitcoin, more old Austrian Economics Vendetta

    Working about 75% thru this book on Audible. Most of it is economics from the Austrian POV. Long story short everything was great under the gold standard and bad before and since. Bitcoin is the next gold so bring it on.

    The economic theory here is a missed opportunity for advocates of this economic school to be serious, instead they are not. Fallacies galore combined with implausible claims. For example, Mozart was great art made under gold, while today Miley Cyres 'twerks' under fiat money. Possibly but we know about Mozart today because he made it through the great filter of history. Plenty of ribald ballads were sung in Mozart's time that were forgotten about. It's absurd to evaluate the art of today without understanding the fact that we know more about today's art than we ever will of a previous eras because the forgettable has yet to be forgotten.

    The author considers a cartoon version of Keynesian economics (and quite frankly is pretty rude about Keynes the man, claiming he never read classical economics and alleging he had sex with children. The first is clearly false, I don't know about the second but it's suspect when an author writes a book on theory that only does personal attacks on theorists he doesn't like. If you are writing biography or history then do so).

    A more serious book would have attempted to wrestle with the actual challenge Keynes poised to the Austrian view of money. The first is clearly the gold standard did not last very long and by the author's admission quickly became consumed by banks that issued paper against their gold holdings. If it was so good why did it fail? Government control was not really the issue. Even when private gold holdings were illegal, gold jewelry was an option and even today is often used as a way to hold gold.

    The book confuses savings with investment badly by failing to consider investment is spending. Very little savings is in the form of money, for good reason. Money, at best, can give one a 0% return. Stuff $100 under a mattress and ten years later you will only have a $100 bill. The investment the author equates to savings only happens when money is spent directly by the 'saver' (say a person uses some of his income to buy work tools) or loaned to a business that is doing investment (you save $100 in the bank, the bank loans $100 to the pizza place that uses it upgrade its oven). Savers in a modern economy are investors.

    The book focuses on one aspect of danger with fiat money, runaway money printing either by a malicious or incompetent government. But the book acknowledges banks will create money based on fractional reserves (you put 100 gold nuggets in the bank, the bank loans out paper for 90 of them figuring on any given day only a small portion of people will show up demanding actual nuggets). Since this is a known issue with money, how can fiat money 'steal savings' when contracts can easily be written with inflation adjustments built in or it is easy to hedge against inflation risk in the financial markets? The hyper inflation of a desperate government (usually losing or almost losing a war) looks less like the theft of savings as the destruction of value....which is what happens when a nation loses a war. The Confederate States of America, for example, didn't 'steal' savings from Southerners, the assets Southerns had were destroyed as war devastated the nation. Sure if you were a plantation owner who sold his plantation for gold before the Civil War, you would have gold after the Civil War. But whoever brought your plantation wouldn't be as well off.

    The gist of this is that the system seems to both demand that money be a store of value AND it provide some inflationary stimulus. The author takes the position that money is neutral...as long as we can divide it into as small units as we need, it doesn't matter if currency is 1 g gold bars or 0.001 g gold bars. But then how can inflation cause such problems? If money was neutral then inflation would simply be neutralized by the market. A 10% increase in prices would be meet with 10% increased wages and 10% increase in debts leaving everyone in the same position as before. If, however, money is not neutral out the window goes the assumption that money needs to be a 'store of value' above all else and a hard money supply will only produce good things and habits for the economy.

    I suspect bitcoin will take the place of gold. It's a 'hard money' check on very dysfunctional governments...a great way for people in bad countries to escape the capital controls and bank freezes of a collapsing government...but ultimately not a money replacement.

    22 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      1 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
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      1 out of 5 stars
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    • stenver
    • 21/12/2019

    book is a subjective opinion of random person

    lots of invalid facts, conviniently forgetting to mention important things and lots of topics where is clear the author has no idea what he is talking about

    it's like listening somebody talk drunk in bar and connecting random dots in history while leaving out many important dots

    12 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      1 out of 5 stars
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      1 out of 5 stars
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    Image de profile pour kameir
    • kameir
    • 26/08/2018

    Mislabeled

    The title suggests that the book would be dealing with Bitcoin, instead, it talks mostly about the gold standard and the history of money (albeit badly covered). The author seems to have picked the title to seem more current than what the content of the book provides.

    11 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      4 out of 5 stars
    • Interprétation
      4 out of 5 stars
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      3 out of 5 stars
    Image de profile pour eric olszewski
    • eric olszewski
    • 11/08/2018

    Good Austrian economics, poorly presented

    great dialogue and a convincing story, but it was astonishingly redundant and stressed the same points throughout (which is fine, to a degree). I much more appreciated the general economics information than anything else

    10 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      5 out of 5 stars
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    Image de profile pour PG
    • PG
    • 22/06/2018

    Must read

    This book is a must read for everyone interested in economics, finance or politics. Bitcoin will change the world as we know it today.

    9 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      2 out of 5 stars
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      3 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
    Image de profile pour Mihir Patel
    • Mihir Patel
    • 20/01/2020

    Extrapolation Crazy, need another book on bitcoin

    This guy makes crazy assumptions about the present as to why art is the way it is from economics. I’ve never heard of someone so thick headed that their opinions bleed their own biases into what was supposed to be researched writing. Anyone can go on and make up explanations that sound right.

    5 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      3 out of 5 stars
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      4 out of 5 stars
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      3 out of 5 stars
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    • Matthew Cruz
    • 15/11/2019

    First and last third of the book are 5 stars

    The portions of the book dedicated to Bitcoin (the first and final thirds) are illuminating a describe it’s importance, applications, and uniqueness of the technology.

    However, because I’m not an economist and I don’t have a strong foundation of Keynes vs Austrian school of thought. The authors aggressive bias and negativity throughout the middle of the book is off putting. I think this portion would have been better suited in another work where he could flesh out his ideas and provide stronger evidence. Instead of requiring me to take his word on the subject with very selective references and “evidence”.

    Overall I think it was a good listen to highlight Bitcoins under examined qualities.

    5 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      5 out of 5 stars
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    • Sean
    • 12/07/2018

    instant classic

    The only book that I have purchased in both print and audible format. Of the books I listen to repeatedly, this book will stand alone for the foreseeable future. Years of common Bitcoin lore backed up by a history of economics and statistics reveal why and how it is unlikely that I will ever see Bitcoin dethroned.

    5 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      4 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
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      4 out of 5 stars
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    • hrobbins
    • 03/07/2018

    Must read.

    Might be an artifact of the translation into audiobook, but I noticed a lot of repetition and belaboring points. Also a clear bit of bias at points and what occasionally felt like adhominem attacks. Overall though, it's probably the best overall analysis of the potential and pitfalls of bitcoin and blockchain technology I've seen in one place.

    5 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      4 out of 5 stars
    • Interprétation
      3 out of 5 stars
    • Histoire
      4 out of 5 stars
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    • bk
    • 17/01/2020

    Interesting but not convincing

    This book is useful to know the limitations of Bitcoin and I don't think I want to use it after reading this book.

    Who want to mind Bitcoin when Bitcoin does not generate any new coins?
    What happens when nobody is maintaining Bitcoin blocks?

    3 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

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    • Global
      1 out of 5 stars
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    • Jorgo
    • 19/08/2020

    Mogelpackung

    Hört sich bei Audible niemand die Hörbücher an um festzustellen ob der Titel des Hörbuches mit dem Inhalt übereinstimmt? Nach dieser Mogelpackung sehe ich als neuer Nutzer Audible mit anderen Augen.
    Außerdem ist die Überheblichkeit mit der J.M.Keynes vom Autor kritisiert wird unerträglich , vollkommen unwissenschaftlich, gerade zu dreist.
    Kein seriöser Ökonom würde eine alternative Denkschule auf diese Art durch den Dreck ziehen.
    Von diesem Autor gibt es nicht viel zu lernen, außer den Fehlern die man selbst vermeiden sollte.

    4 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      4 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
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      4 out of 5 stars
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    • Cypher
    • 28/08/2019

    A little too detailed

    The Bitcoin Standard is a great book, I would consider it as the standard reference if you want to understand Bitcoin. The book describes everything about the history of money, the fault in the fiat money system, until the rise of Bitcoin in very high detail, probably a little too detailed. Some parts sound like they repeat what has already been said. Nevertheless very recommendable.

    4 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      5 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
    Image de profile pour Axel B
    • Axel B
    • 13/02/2021

    ein super Buch rund um Geld, Gold und Bitcoin.

    Für Neulinge, Bitcoiner und Hardcore Hodler. noch 9 weitere Worte benötigt. BTC to the Moon!

    2 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      5 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
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    • Zsolt S.
    • 02/11/2020

    A must read

    Absolutely loved it! Some knowledge in economics may help to understand the described concepts easier but i think it is also understandable for those without any experience or knowledge in that area.

    2 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      3 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
    • Histoire
      1 out of 5 stars
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    • Frank
    • 03/10/2018

    inkl. Geschicht über das geldsystem

    Für meinen Geschmack zu weit ausgeholt in Richtung geldsystem und zu wenig über den Bitcoin selbst.

    4 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      2 out of 5 stars
    • Interprétation
      4 out of 5 stars
    Image de profile pour Nicolas Kurtenbach
    • Nicolas Kurtenbach
    • 10/02/2021

    nicht akademisch

    Detaillierte Erzählung der Geschichte des Geldes und klare Präsentation der Argumente. Aber einen anderen Ökonomen immer wieder persönlich anzugreifen macht auch sonstige klare Argumentation kaputt.

    Abstruse Kausalketten werden dann genutzt um Keynes alles schlechte, bis zu zunehmende mentale Erkrankungen in die Schuhe zu schieben. Das lässt einen dann auch an den sonstigen, eigentlich logisch klingenden, Argumenten zweifeln.

    1 personne a trouvé cela utile

    • Global
      5 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
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    • Thomas
    • 12/06/2021

    A must read

    I think this should be a mandatory read for anyone who wants to understand the history of money and Bitcoin.
    The Austrian School convinces me far more than any other economic theories, both on the ground of real-world application and - as a believing Christian - because it alines better with a biblical worldview.
    One review talked about the comparison of modern and classical musicians, but either got it completely upside down or is helplessly enamored with the cheap modern music industry.
    So tolle lege (pick up and read/ listen to) this book and come to your own opinion and gain knowledge that will be beneficial for your future.

    • Global
      1 out of 5 stars
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      5 out of 5 stars
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    • ACJ
    • 11/06/2021

    Unfounded (long) rant and few words about Bitcoin

    The author is not fond of Keynes and government active involvement in monetary policy, I get it. Other than that it is a long unfounded rant using his preferred economic theory to tell just-so stories about how the economy works better without fiat money. Where is all the empirical evidence to back up his alleged explanations of complex events like the great depression of the 30's? Apparently fiat money is the root cause of all societal evils including consumerism, the deterioration of family relations and war, among others. This is more an Op Ed than serious academic work. It's a long manifesto against fiat money. As a 5 page essay it would have been interesting to read. In book length it is a waste of time, repetitive and pseudo-scientific. In the end there is two chapters on Bitcoin if that's the reason you bought the book.

    • Global
      2 out of 5 stars
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      4 out of 5 stars
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      1 out of 5 stars
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    • M. L.
    • 06/06/2021

    Viel Bla Bla und sehr einseitig

    Die ersten paar Kapitel kann man sich vielleicht anhören, um ein wenig die Geschichte des Geldes zu verstehen und die Kapitel über Bitcoin, um Bitcoin zu verstehen. Der Rest (und teilweise auch die genannten Kapitel) ist in die Länge gezogen, unnötig und stellt einfach nur die Meinung des Autors dar.

    • Global
      3 out of 5 stars
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      4 out of 5 stars
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      3 out of 5 stars
    Image de profile pour Thiago Figueiredo
    • Thiago Figueiredo
    • 04/06/2021

    Gut, aber etwas redundant

    Das Buch gibt eine gute Übersicht der Bitcoin Technologie und fokussiert dabei an ökonomischen Aspekten der Technologie. Für einen Einstieg ist das Buch geeignet, spezielle technische Themen werden dabei nicht beleuchtet.

    Die ersten 7 Kapiteln, wo der Author über die ökonomische Notwendigkeit von Bitcoin diskursiert, sind ziemlich redundant geschrieben und vielleicht für das Audio Format nich geeignet. Ab Kapitel 8, wobei es wirklich um Bitcoin geht, wird das Buch interessanter.

    Insgesamt versucht es der Autor zu vermitteln, dass Bitcoin die ultimative Lösung für das Problem einer stabilen globalen digitalen Währung ist. An manchen Stellen werden Theoritiker anderer Meinung beleidigend erwähnt, was ich trotz Meinungsverschiedenheiten nicht gut finde.