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How to Think

A Survival Guide for a World at Odds
Lu par : P. J. Ochlan
Durée : 4 h et 21 min

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Description

How to Think is a contrarian treatise on why we're not as good at thinking as we assume - but how recovering this lost art can rescue our inner lives from the chaos of modern life.

As a celebrated cultural critic and a writer for national publications like The Atlantic and Harper's, Alan Jacobs has spent his adult life belonging to communities that often clash in America's culture wars. And in his years of confronting the big issues that divide us - political, social, religious - Jacobs has learned that many of our fiercest disputes occur not because we're doomed to be divided but because the people involved simply aren't thinking.

Most of us don't want to think, Jacobs writes. Thinking is trouble. Thinking can force us out of familiar, comforting habits, and it can complicate our relationships with like-minded friends. Finally, thinking is slow, and that's a problem when our habits of consuming information (mostly online) leave us lost in the spin cycle of social media, partisan bickering, and confirmation bias.

In this smart, endlessly entertaining book, Jacobs diagnoses the many forces that act on us to prevent thinking - forces that have only worsened in the age of Twitter, "alternative facts", and information overload - and he also dispels the many myths we hold about what it means to think well. (For example: It's impossible to "think for yourself".)

Drawing on sources as far-flung as novelist Marilynne Robinson, basketball legend Wilt Chamberlain, British philosopher John Stuart Mill, and Christian theologian C. S. Lewis, Jacobs digs into the nuts and bolts of the cognitive process, offering hope that each of us can reclaim our mental lives from the impediments that plague us all. Because if we can learn to think together, maybe we can learn to live together, too.

©2017 Alan Jacobs (P)2017 Random House Audio

Commentaires

"Witty, engaging, and ultimately hopeful, Jacobs's guide is sorely needed in a society where partisanship too often trumps the pursuit of knowledge." ( Publishers Weekly)
"Just when it feels like we've all lost our minds, here comes Alan Jacobs's How to Think, a book infused with the thoughtfulness, generosity, and humor of a lifelong teacher. Do what I did: Sign off social media, find a cozy spot to read, and get your mind back again. A mindful book for our mindless times." (Austin Kleon, best-selling author of Steal Like an Artist

)
"I disagree passionately with Alan Jacobs about a number of very important things, but this indispensable book shows me how to take him by the hand while we argue, rather than the throat. In troublingly stupid times, it offers a toolbox for the restoration of nuance, self-knowledge and cognitive generosity." (Francis Spufford, author of Golden Hill and Unapologetic)

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  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    4 out of 5 stars
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  • Adam Shields
  • 18/10/2017

How to think is as much art as science

Alan Jacobs is one of my favorite essayists. He was a professor at Wheaton when I was there (although I never had him). He is now a professor at Baylor. I have read a number of his books, from a biography on CS Lewis, to several collections of essays, to a history of the Book of Common Prayer, my favorite book on reading , a cultural history of the concept of Original Sin, and now How to Think.

I wasn’t completely sure what I was getting into when I picked this up yesterday morning (it released yesterday). Jacobs is one of the authors I pre-order. But especially if he was writing something about how to think, I wanted to read it.

This is sort of like A Little Exercise for Young Theologians (or Letters to a Young Calvinist or one of the many other similar short books). How to Think is a book of advice written with the clear intention of helping the reader. Jacobs has taught Literature and Composition for more than 30 years. Helping people to think and write and communicate has been the job of English Professors more than professors in most other subject areas.

Jacobs starts by taking us down a peg or two. We are not as original as we think. We are not as good at evaluating ideas as we think we are. We, like everyone else, have confirmation bias and mental short cuts and sloppy habits. We also probably don’t really listen all that well.

Thinking is more art than science according to Jacobs. It is not that we cannot learn from science about how the brain works or principles of communication theory. But like many other things, thinking is something that has to be put into practice, not just studied. And to put good thinking into practice, you have to surround yourself by good thinkers and then listen to them.

Jacobs is particularly interested in helping us to think in an age where tribalism is rampant. That means breaking down some of those tribal walls and listening. He cites a debating group several times that is not trying to score points, but gain understanding. One person cannot start talking until they can summarize the previous person’s thought, in a way that the previous person agrees is accurate.

Also included are suggestions about how to avoid straw-men or 'in other words you mean' and other slopping thinking. Jacobs also advocates community building, to allow us to express and try out ideas. There is resistance to angry responses. However, most of this is also not particularly original or new. Jacobs is an engaging writer. He has lots of stories to give context. Jacobs digs at the reader, so that we can’t think that it is only ’that other person’ that doesn’t think well. He presents the ideas that we probably should have learned and put into place earlier, in a way that we can listen to now.

Like James KA Smith’s general approach to habit, we think well by making thinking something that is ritual, a habit that becomes reenforced over time.

It may stop you from reading the whole book, which I don’t want to do, but if you are thinking about the book, then pick it up at a book store, or look at the ‘look inside’ on Amazon and read the “Thinking Person’s Checklist” at the end of the book. If those 12 points make general sense to you, pick up the book and keep reading. The checklist is convicting. And if you are not convicted, you probably won’t benefit from the book.

How to Think is short, 157 pages of main material. I listened to the audiobook in a day. I will probably re-read in print again soon.

13 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    3 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Christopher Cumings
  • 10/01/2018

Quickly and meaty

This is a helpful and thoughtful book that walks through how to think through your own beliefs and hold differing opinions than others in your world without breaking fellowship.

3 personnes ont trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Henry May
  • 14/03/2020

I was biased from the start

One of my Trump adoring friends made this suggestion, so I approached it with a fair amount of skepticism. I started by downloading the Kindle sample and read far enough to realize that Jacobs is a student of modern behavioral psychology. In particular, he relies on the work of Daniel Kahnemann. This soon became one of the few volumes that occupies a place in both my Kindle and Audible libraries.
Jacobs delivers what he promises - a guide for developing critical thinking skills, and he does it without pushing a political agenda.

1 personne a trouvé cela utile

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Joseph
  • 07/07/2020

Very intellectual.

This book really get you to think, this Has to be one of my top 10 books . I would recommend this book to people who are very opinionated .. it makes you think .. even if you don’t agree

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    3 out of 5 stars
  • Histoire
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Isaque
  • 10/06/2020

Lots of information

This book has a lot for you to think about (haha).

I'd start saying that the narrator is acceptable, but not more than that. At the beginning I wasn't willing to keep listening but it becomes acceptable after the first chapter.

The content of the book is excellent. It's well crafted and it got my attention locked on the informations from the beginning. Alan Jacobs brings the question on how to think to a good level of understanding without making it simplistic. It's worth your time and consideration.

  • Global
    1 out of 5 stars
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    3 out of 5 stars
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    1 out of 5 stars
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  • George C.
  • 16/03/2020

Disappointing Rambling Essay

The writer meanders around for hours with no arc in analysis. He has one glowing review likely from one of doctoral students. However, a more accurate assessment is that this book is average at best.

 There is no science, meta studies or clinical studies performed by the author to support his options. It's an old English professor view of the world. I usually consume with glee good analysis into the human physcy and and how these manifests into words or actions. This book has none of that. It's a ramble. I made it through the entire book but the time could have better used re-listening to superior books already in my library.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Interprétation
    4 out of 5 stars
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  • M. Parkison
  • 11/10/2019

Print Version Might Be Better

Great content and discussion.

I think the print version might be better for this type of book. the author frequently quotes others, both in full and with in-line phrases. It's sometimes difficult tell when those full quotes end and the author resumes, and also when he is using snippets.

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
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    4 out of 5 stars
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    4 out of 5 stars
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  • Abbas
  • 25/07/2019

Short but Gold

This book discussed important topics and did it well. I found that the author analysed my thinking method accurately and showed me its flaws and where should I improve. Good things will happen if more people appreciate what this book preaches.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Ben
  • 17/07/2019

It'll get you thinking about thinking.

I greatly enjoyed this book in that there was a full explanation for every point made in the book. It made the book easy to understand and the author's writing style was very entertaining. definitely would recommend it for anyone who wants to learn how to think.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Happy Skywalker
  • 28/02/2019

This was a great book, will be reading it again

I read some reviews and expected this to be okay or good, but it was wonderful! This author really dives into what and how we think and why, and how to do it differently and better. Very worth your time.