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The Selfish Gene

Durée : 16 h et 12 min
5 out of 5 stars (17 notations)

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Description

Richard Dawkins' brilliant reformulation of the theory of natural selection has the rare distinction of having provoked as much excitement and interest outside the scientific community as within it. His theories have helped change the whole nature of the study of social biology, and have forced thousands of readers to rethink their beliefs about life.In his internationally bestselling, now classic volume, The Selfish Gene, Dawkins explains how the selfish gene can also be a subtle gene. The world of the selfish gene revolves around savage competition, ruthless exploitation, and deceit, and yet, Dawkins argues, acts of apparent altruism do exist in nature. Bees, for example, will commit suicide when they sting to protect the hive, and birds will risk their lives to warn the flock of an approaching hawk.This 30th anniversary edition of Dawkins' fascinating book retains all original material, including the two enlightening chapters added in the second edition. In a new Introduction the author presents his thoughts thirty years after the publication of his first and most famous book, while the inclusion of the two-page original Foreword by brilliant American scientist Robert Trivers shows the enthusiastic reaction of the scientific community at that time. This edition is a celebration of a remarkable exposition of evolutionary thought, a work that has been widely hailed for its stylistic brilliance and deep scientific insights, and that continues to stimulate whole new areas of research today.
©1989 Richard Dawkins (P)2011 Audible, Inc.

Critiques

"Dawkins first book, The Selfish Gene, was a smash hit.... Best of all, Dawkins laid out this biology - some of it truly subtle - in stunningly lucid prose. (It is, in my view, the best work of popular science ever written.)" (H. Allen Orr, Professor of Biology, University of Rochester, in The New York Review of Books)

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Notations

Global

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Performance

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Histoire

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Il n'y a pas encore de critique disponible pour ce titre.
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  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
  • J. D. May
  • 31/07/2012

Better than print!

Any additional comments?

This is one of those special cases where the audiobook has features that are better than reading a printed book. This is an updated version (after more than 30 years) of an important and controversial work, and the newer revisions are read by a different narrator, so the newer material is always distinct from the original. The copious footnotes are read as they occur, so you hear them seamlessly in context, and without the constant page-flipping that is required if you read a print version. Both narrators are a pleasure to listen to, and since one of them is Dawkins himself you have the added pleasure of having the author speaking directly to you.

129 sur 137 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
  • William
  • 02/03/2013

Long, but explanitory

This is a very good book which is both informative on the subject of genes themselves, but also serves as a kind of historical overview of changing ideas, and why they were discarded or affirmed.

Dawkins, as always, is given to digressions that could be considered by some, to be tedious. Even so, a bit of patients is rewarded well by way of learning.

All in all... Excellent.

this book is not light in content, so even though Dawkins does an exception job in explaining things with clarity, it is not for someone looking to kill a bit of time. Attention is required to get the most of this book.

56 sur 59 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Neuron
  • 27/09/2014

A Masterpiece

I can't remember how but when I was 16 I came across this book and it changed my life. The title of Dawkins biography is "An appetite for wonder", and this appetite is no where more apparent than in this book (I have read most of his books). It is a wonderful introduction to the theory of evolution by natural (and sexual) selection, behavioral ecology, and the wonders of nature. At the same time it serves as a terrific example of first rate scientific reasoning. The writing is clear and fluid and extremely elegant. In his autobiography Dawkins admits that every sentence has been rewritten multiple times. Those that have survived this selection process really deliver. Every sentence seem to fill a purpose and yet, rarely does one feel that information is in some way lacking. This book, when it came out in the late seventies, influenced the general public and academics alike. It changed how academics thought about genes and evolution, and it introduced the meme, which has subsequently entered our dictionaries.

As I have said elsewhere, this book really is a literary masterpiece. The fact that it also teaches science to the reader is an added benefit that makes this book one of the best and most important ever written.

The book has a very good structure. At no point does it feel as if new concepts are introduced inappropriately. Dawkins begins by slowly and carefully introducing the replicator concept. In the widest sense a replicator is, as the name implies, something that replicates itself. This can be a mineral shape, a computer virus or a molecule such as RNA or DNA. It is inevitable that a replicator that produce more copies or copies that are more durable will become more prominent in the population. And so it is with our genes. The genes that exist in humans that are alive today are descendents of a very long series of genes that outperformed other genes. To achieve this success the genes have used many different tricks. Primary among these is cooperation with other genes to construct vehicles such as a plant or an animal that can both protect the genes and pass them on. Humans are thus "merely" vehicles created by genes for the benefit of genes (though in another sense we are of course much more than that).

Dawkins carefully builds from this starting point and reaches startling conclusions about many different aspects of nature and evolution. Why did sex evolve and why do the different sexes differ to a greater or a lesser extent in different species? Why are males in general more aggressive? Why do we cooperate? Does altruism exist? How did sterile ants evolve? Whatever he is discussing, Dawkins always provides illustrative examples from nature and when he use metaphors he is (unlike many others) always careful to translate those metaphors back into the language of replicators. The Selfish Gene also derives some of its fame from the fact that it introduced the meme concept. A meme, Dawkins suggested is like a gene in that it can replicate itself, typically via language or imitation. Successful memes (think viral youtube clips) will spread throughout population of less successful memes in the same way that successful genes spread, however, for memes the sexual reproduction of its host matters little. Rather, the success of a meme is determined by its ability to make its host share the idea with others. The meme concept is now in most dictionaries.

Throughout the book Dawkins is careful to point out that even though we are products of evolution and as a result have many instincts that are not always very noble, that does not mean that it is in anyway good or moral to follow ones evolutionary inclinations. Indeed if we understand human instincts we may be better able to construct societies that combat our caveman instincts.

53 sur 58 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Scott V
  • 07/01/2013

Selfish in the truest sense

Selfish is doing what is in your Best Interest, not doing what you want at everybody else's expense. Popular use of the word has confused it with Greedy, Foolishly Demanding even Stupid. So doing what is in your best interest is a virtue not a negative. Deciding what is in your best interest is not always easy. But once you have decided, it is the only course to take.
The Gene has a different time frame than us mere humans. The Gene Pool has experimented for many hundreds of millions of years. Genes may try being lazy or stupid or greedy in all that time, but the Genes that are passed on have chosen what is in their best interest or the "Selfish" choice. The Genes that are greedy or lazy find it harder and harder to reproduce and do not continue.
I loved this book. The change of narrator between Richard and Lalla was at appropriate and necessary points. The cadence and tone were good. The book kept me (a layman) interested till the end.
The fact that you have read this far into a review on a book with this title makes me believe you are a thinker. Listen to this book to clarify your thinking.
Enjoy!


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  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Terry
  • 04/02/2013

An excellent audiobook

Would you listen to The Selfish Gene again? Why?

Yes! There is a lot of content and you can't pick it all up in one go around.

Have you listened to any of Richard Dawkins and Lalla Ward ’s other performances before? How does this one compare?

I have listened to "The Blind Watchmaker" and this book is also an excellent source of information. Both were wonderful.

Any additional comments?

If you are a person who believes or doesn't believe in evolution, and want to be more informed please give this a listen. The when you're done go check out The Blind Watchmaker. Richard Dawkins and his wife Lalla Ward do a great job narrating both books. Nothing is more convincing than when an author reads their own material to you.

32 sur 36 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    3 out of 5 stars
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  • Hailey Spillane
  • 09/08/2017

Interesting, but too many post-scripts

It had a lot of controversial points on it especially when it was first published. Dawkins has added post script clarifications about many small details in the book. As a paper book, this book might be easier to finish because you could skip some of those unless you wanted more details on the author's thought process. In this edition, you're flooded with obscure facts, details and why Dawkins wrote what he did in the post scripts. "People didn't like when I said 'blah blah blah' because at the time people believed 'this other thing' and I'm right/wrong because of 'more elaboration'"

I ultimately couldn't finish the last six hours of the book due to the annoying descriptions added in the post scripts which are difficult to skip.

5 sur 5 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Kali
  • 20/05/2014

Mind-bender for those unfamiliar with the science.

If you have difficulty comprehending complicated subjects on audio, this may be one best left to reading. If you can absorb science through listening, then this is one of those crucial listens, which may drastically change your perspective of the world if you are unfamiliar with Dawkins or his work.

There are very incredible topics here that people just normally don't discuss and think about, like that we are all "survival machines" designed to allow our genes to replicate. The last few chapters were especially interesting, as meme has now become such a famous word used for internet phenomenas, and Dawkins coined the word here for culturally-catching trends like fashion, melodies or song lyrics, etc. The last few chapters take the concepts he's been working with the whole book so far that I felt they were tickling the very back of my brain. He talks of how genes can be seen as not modifying only the bodies they are in but their external environment as well, if I understand correctly, in the last chapter, and this made me go "Oh my."

The most delightful part of the audiobook was the narration. The text of the book itself, which was originally published in 1976, is narrated by the soothing, concise, and English-accented Lalla Ward. But as there have been subsequent versions of the book released with Dawkins noting further revelations and thoughts and responding to his detractors, he narrates the countless footnotes and endnotes, choosing to narrate them throughout the book when they are relevant rather than at the end for ease of comprehension. The effect is as if Dawkins himself is constantly popping into your mind as you are reading his book, arguing with those who have spoken out against it and defending it when necessary. It was a very entertaining way to do things.

16 sur 18 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Charles
  • 22/04/2011

A pearl of great price

I had long heard of this book, it is oft cited and praised in other scientific works for the lay man. Because of all this notoriety, I had high expectations when I began listening. I was not disappointed at all, it managed to exceed my expectations. I finished listening 20 min ago, and as I write this, I am still riding an emotional high that comes from increased insight and understanding. I cannot recommend it highly enough, there is more to be had here than (perhaps) any other book I have ever read.

79 sur 93 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • shane
  • 01/04/2011

incredible

it is now the number one book on my desert island list , dawkins gives you a practical window into what genes are and how they do what they do . this book is amazing

71 sur 84 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
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    4 out of 5 stars
  • AShopper
  • 29/09/2015

Great - minus the pedantic footnotes

Any additional comments?

This would have been better presented as two options: 1) read with footnotes and asides inline, or 2) read without footnotes entirely. Classic book. Great listen. Gets a bit bogged down, unnecessarily.

4 sur 4 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

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    4 out of 5 stars
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  • Marc Dierckx
  • 07/10/2015

The meme about the gene

Even after close to 40 years this books delivers a fascinating and compelling story about the true shapers of history. The suspense is kept throughout the book as every new concept crushes the old or at least puts it into perspective: memes as potential supergenes, genes extending their influence across living creatures and ensembles that should be regarded as single living beings, just to name of few.

The book is full of brilliant ideas but at the same time a proof of the limiations of the human mind: the relative brief span from the publishing date to today are enough to make some apects of the book obsolete: the inability of the human race to foresee the extend of computer development, the complete negation of epigenetics and the absence of black swans in the repeated games.

The book made me sad not to have read it 30 years ago but I enjoyed every page of it. Even made more compelling by the fact that it was read by the author and his (third) wife

6 sur 7 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
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    5 out of 5 stars
  • Henrik
  • 18/03/2017

A classic and must read

One of those few books, where there is a before and an after in the way you think about the living works.

2 sur 2 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
  • Dirk Jungnickel
  • 19/06/2017

Excellent book!

Excellent book! Highly recommend for anybody with a scientific mindset and willing to transcend preconceived 'truths' about life and evolution.

1 sur 1 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Nikola Kos
  • 05/06/2019

A classic

If you really want to learn about Evolution without stuyding it, this is the book for you, written exactly for you. It´s fantastic how deep the insight of Dawkins goes. You ever read a Meme? This guy invented the idea - and the Name - of it.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Stefan und Sophie Eckhardt
  • 17/10/2018

A view on life as important as Newtons model of physics

Dawkins reviews and reflects the state of research in biology to give a brief an entertaining view on what Darwins Theory of natural selection is all about

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • TH
  • 28/09/2018

What a remarkable audiobook!

Not only is Dawkins a superb thinker and writer but also the perfect narrator. It doesn't get much better than this.

  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
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    3 out of 5 stars
  • Utilisateur anonyme
  • 04/09/2018

Ein Klassiker unter den Darwinisten

Richard Dawkins‘ wohl wichtiges Werk, welches Ende der 70er Jahre die Erkenntnisse rund um Evolution nach vorne katapultiert hat. Dennoch ist es sehr langatmig, mit zahlreichen repetitiven Vergleichen versetzt und an manchen Stellen zu selbstgerecht.
Wer Interesse an diesem Gebiet hat, muss da wohl durch.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Utilisateur anonyme
  • 03/08/2018

Fantastic

Absolutely tremendous book. I thought I understood evolution, but this book showed me that I didn't have a clue. Very well reasoned, Dawkins is a master at explaining, starting from very simple premises about replicators and reaching grand conclusions.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Andres Mlinar
  • 29/06/2018

Excellent book read by its author.

This is an important book that everyone should read. It clearly explain the true meaning of evolution. As relevant today as when it was initially published. The reading by the author preserves the complete meaning of it.

  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • MIKHEIL P.
  • 30/11/2016

Warning: This will change ypur view of the world.

Absolutely amazing. I read this book 3 times already and Audio of Lala and Richard himself is amazing. Richard Dawkins explains and delivers some of the most sophisticated topics of Biology in a way, that a 10 year old would not have a problem understanding it. At the same time for some people there might be a danger, that the view of the world as we know it will be questioned over and over again. It might be quite dangerous for the reader who is not able to put things in perspective and mix the concepts of "is" and "should be". In any case what ever you are doing in your free time stop doing it now and read this book.

1 sur 2 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.