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From the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning Gulag and the National Book Award finalist Iron Curtain, a revelatory history of one of Stalin's greatest crimes - the consequences of which still resonate today.

In 1929 Stalin launched his policy of agricultural collectivization - in effect a second Russian Revolution - which forced millions of peasants off their land and onto collective farms. The result was a catastrophic famine, the most lethal in European history. At least five million people died between 1931 and 1933 in the USSR. But instead of sending relief, the Soviet state made use of the catastrophe to rid itself of a political problem. In Red Famine, Anne Applebaum argues that more than three million of those dead were Ukrainians who perished not because they were accidental victims of a bad policy but because the state deliberately set out to kill them.

Applebaum proves what has long been suspected: After a series of rebellions unsettled the province, Stalin set out to destroy the Ukrainian peasantry. The state sealed the republic's borders and seized all available food. Starvation set in rapidly, and people ate anything: grass, tree bark, dogs, corpses. In some cases they killed one another for food. Devastating and definitive, Red Famine captures the horror of ordinary people struggling to survive extraordinary evil.

Today, Russia, the successor to the Soviet Union, has placed Ukrainian independence in its sights once more. Applebaum's compulsive narrative recalls one of the worst crimes of the 20th century and shows how it may foreshadow a new threat to the political order in the 21st.

©2017 Anne Applebaum (P)2017 Random House Audio

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Global

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  • Global
    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Mrs.
  • 14/12/2017

Still ever so relevant

This is by far the best book (available in English) ever written on the topic, it beats the previous definitive text by Robert Conquest. The writing is engaging and the detail, while certainly in great depth, works to make this a fascinating volume rather than some highly detailed books that simply become a drudgery.
The book also provides excellent background to the famine, looking at the Ukrainian experience during WWI, the Revolution and the horrific Civil War. Once again exquisite detail and vignettes make this an excellent listen.
I stated in the title that this book remains highly relevent and this is because of Applebaum's examination of class warfare and the horrors of Socialism, as seen in the Soviet Union. The Soviet propoganda that pushed for the confiscation of the property of the wealthy and the imposition of special taxes coupled with a hatred of those who wished to maintain their land and property is well detailed. The term Kulak was used for farmers of this ilk and soon became utterly unsupported by any real relationship to net worth.
The Famine remains a source of national mourning in Ukraine and is still a focal point related to state relations in E Europe.

7 sur 7 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

  • Global
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  • Ensignbay
  • 21/11/2017

Shocking inhumanity

Well researched and easy to follow. The evils of Stalin and Soviet Russia are detailed in this focused looked at the Stalin-caused Ukraine famine of 1930 to 1931.

6 sur 6 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

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  • Booothby, III
  • 22/01/2018

interesting discussion

I was always curious about the nuances of communism and how it used the prejudices of others to ultimately kill off those whose prejudices were previously useful.

This is a good explanation of that.

3 sur 3 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

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  • Mendy Moscowitz
  • 21/01/2018

Horrifying

Everyone should feel morally obligated to read this horrifying chapter of history. We all know the of the evils committed by Nazism. Why don't we know as much about the evils of communism?

3 sur 3 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

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  • Roy
  • 11/04/2018

Very well done work on a horrible atrocity.

Before listening to this I didn't understand the Holodomor very well. This book gave me a lot to think about.

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  • Lena
  • 09/02/2018

A thorough view into Stalin's regime in Ukraine

Anne Applebaum’s book Red Famine: Stalin's War on Ukraine gives a thorough view into a very tragic moment in the history of Ukraine and its people. The story of famine in Ukraine is presented in this book in the context of historical events that took place during 1917-1930th. Without understanding of what was happening in Ukraine in the post-revolutionary and during the civil war years in the beginning of the 20 century, the whole account of the man-made famine, deliberately aiming to destroy one nation or one class of a nation (the peasants), would be hard to believe. Applebaum made this story to speak for itself by bringing to the light archive materials, personal stories and pictures that undeniably prove the existence of the state-created and successfully executed by the communist regime famine in Ukraine that still hunts the country down in present time.
Destruction of the national political elite (arrests and killing of the national leaders), removal of the active peasants (“dekulakization" and massive deportations of Ukrainians from their land) created the political vacuum in towns and subdued the rather stubborn national movement in the countryside. Banning the Ukrainian language, literature, music, cultural and spiritual rites and customs (churches, holidays, social structure in villages, council of the elderly) effectively depressed the national identity of Ukrainians. Destruction of the established free market system, collectivization and following confiscation of the land, machinery and livestock, removal of grain (prodrazverstka) and the ultimate removal of all grain and food (preserved as a seed or for the personal consumption) led to the catastrophic events in 1932-1933. All of that can be associated with the humanitarian crisis deliberately created in order to subdue the once proud and free willing people into slavery and obedience to the regime. As a result, people started to distrust the state and the fellow villagers, became indifferent and mostly hostile to the collective farms that in turn caused the diminishing production of grain and other farm products. The deepest human vices were unleashed: impunity of the members of the ruling party started to flourish, killing fellow villagers in order to obtain their possessions or even some food, became new norm. In the once rich and prosperous land, diseases and starvation spread rapidly leading to death of both the weak and strong.
As a child of the soviet time, I was raised on the beliefs about the internal and external enemies of the Soviet motherland that we had to uncover and fight by any means. Total propaganda... My grandparents, who survived to see me grow, were reluctant to tell me anything about that time. But I always sensed some distrust and even fear to the state or to strangers. Either during family gatherings or while listening people talk at a store on a countryside or in a farm (kolkhoz), one would never speak openly about any complains or injustice in the society.
The Red Famine book, though in a highly emotional tone, helped me to place that tragic period of time deep in my heart. It helped me to understand what circumstances shaped the people who were born in the early 20th and late 30th of the 20th century. Now I deeply regret I haven't asked enough questions to the survivors of the holodomor. Once you’ve read about the Stalin created famine in Ukraine, this part of the human history could not be forgotten or ignored.
I hope this book is translated to both Ukrainian and Russian language. It would be a great addition to the already existed score of this events.

A political anecdote from the 1980s:
A grain collection officer: the people of Ukraine are crying that there is no more food left.
Stalin: if they cry, they still have some left to part with. Proceed as I said until they start to laugh.

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    5 out of 5 stars
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  • Sergei
  • 06/08/2018

Little known colossal event

There are very few events in recent history that are so cataclysmic yet almost entirely overlooked. Applebaum shines a much needed light on the story with a lot of exposition on the events and people that led to the Holodomor. This is beyond doubt the best retelling of the Holodomor, not only in English but in any language.

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  • Global
    4 out of 5 stars
  • Kelly
  • 12/07/2018

Red Famine

Very interesting and many facts I was unaware of. Well worth the read or listen.

1 sur 1 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

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  • Joshua Germany
  • 30/06/2018

Long but worth it.

if you are looking for a quick history of the Ukrainian famine that claimed upwards of 4 million people, this isn't your book. Rather. this is a well researched and detailed, with many primary sourced accounts of the man made 1930's disaster. My only issue is keeping straight all the key players, only due to the fact that i have no background in Russian or Ukrainian. but that shouldn't stop you from reading.

1 sur 1 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.

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    4 out of 5 stars
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  • Charlie D.
  • 29/01/2018

Very detailed description of a tragic event.

The Ukraine Genocide depicts how far human evil can go in order to sustain a bad idea, like Communism.

1 sur 1 personne(s) ont trouvé cet avis utile.