Kazimierz Dabrowski refers to his view of personality development as the theory of positive disintegration. He defines disintegration as disharmony within the individual and in his adaptation to the external environment. Anxiety, psychoneurosis, and psychosis are symptoms of disintegration. In general, disintegration refers to involution, psychopathology, and retrogression to a lower level of psychic functioning. Integration is the opposite: evolution, psychic health, and adequate adaptation, both within the self and to the environment.
Dabrowski postulates a developmental instinct-that is, a tendency of man to evolve from lower to higher levels of personality. He regards personality as primarily developing through dissatisfaction with, and fragmentation of, the existing psychic structure-a period of disintegration - and finally a secondary integration at a higher level. Dabrowski feels that no growth takes place without previous disintegration. He regards symptoms of anxiety, psychoneurosis, and even some symptoms of psychosis as the signs of the disintegration stage of this evolution, and therefore not always pathological.
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Dabrowski's TPD is brilliant, Too Little Known
Kazimierz Dabrowski's Theory of Positive Disintegration (TPD) is the greatest contribution to the psychology of personality/moral development ever conceived. Why are we depressed, anxious, suffering guilt, sometimes nebulous, not only for our own actions and values but tor our nation's or the world's?
Darbowski provides the answers.
Aside from TPD, we have only a tenuous hold on what it means to attempt to reach our potential as humans in a sorely imperfect world of flawed personalities, cultures, and political systems, and how we're affected by them and consequently evolve. "Positive Disintegration" (PD) can be an off-putting term, but one that beautifully fits Dabrowski's concept. Upon awakening to accept our own shadows and face our own flaws and weaknesses, we also face the daunting process of change, IOW, "disintegration," which, if we are willing, produces positive results: we do, indeed, change.
Change requires an active conscience and empathy, as well as the ability to feel and accept shame: hence, the pain. Because these changes are required of us as individuals as well as a society, PD does not happen overnight. It is, however, accelerated in difficult times amid personal, national and/or world challenges and suffering, whereby we evolve.
I cannot express how important the process of positive disintegration is to our evolution and our very survival in a brief review, but, please, anyone who wishes to help make the world a better place, read and study TPD. Then, accept the challenge. CHANGE.
Thank you for reading!